Deep Caves

Majlis Al Jinn

Deep Caves  Adventure in Oman

Deep in Arabia, scientists descend into some of the world's largest caverns. Their mission: To see if tourists could one day explore Oman's caves without putting their lives on the line.

The government has invited geologists in Oman to examine the country's spectacular limestone caves. Research team systematically survey the caves, using satellite-based global positioning technology to pinpoint cave entrances, lasers to calculate interior volumes, and air-monitoring sniffers to check for harmful levels of gases, such as carbon dioxide. The team's biologists gather and analyze water samples and inventory the flora and fauna both above and below the surface.

Someday Oman's lucrative oil reserves will be pumped dry, so the government is encouraging economic diversification of all kinds—from copper mines to cookie factories. The caves, they hope, could be developed into a tourist attraction like New Mexico's Carlsbad Caverns National Park, which generates more than 30 million dollars a year.

Tawi Attair, the Well of the Birds, a huge sinkhole within the massif. Twenty miles (30 kilometers) east of Salalah the mountains squeeze toward the sea, and we turn away from the coast onto a road that rises into the highlands. Walls of stacked limestone blocks bound the fields, where cattle and camels graze on natural terraces—abundant herds that embody the wealth of these mountain tribesmen, the Jabalis.

Things to do

Hiking, Abseiling, Camping

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Caving Attractions

Al Hoota 

Caving Attractions in Oman        

Oman has many historic Caves in various part of the country. Caving is one of Oman's best tourist attractions.  Oman is fortunate to have huge passages like highways and even the least experienced cavers can enjoy this underground playground. Once you go through the ceiling of one of the chambers its only then that the sheer size and beauty of the place unfolds to you. Great shafts of light stream down to illuminate the wondrous sight.

One of the key caves in Oman is Hoti Cave, east of Al Hamra is easily accessible for beginners & novice speleologists, the cave contains an underwater lake, where a rare species of pale blind fish [Garra Barreimiae] have been found. Kitam Cave, near Ibri contains rare and very beautiful gypsum flowers and hairs, these are delicate fibrous crystals formed by rainwater which a draft of air can move them.

Caves in Oman are given a set of grades, which apply to the normal route to reach the deepest point of the cave. The first grade represents easy to traverse caves while moderate caves are denoted as second grade.

Omani Caves which has at least some slight hazard are graded as three. Grade four represents caves which pose some hazard or have large underground pitches. The highest grade (five) are taken by those which have difficult sections or large & wet underground pitches.

Other interesting caves in Oman are the Jebel Akhdar massif, Kahf Hoti (the longest known cave in Oman that stretches upto five kilometers), several caves in Jebel Bani Jabir, the most impressive being the three deep shafts which enter the chambers of Majlis Al Jinn - one of the largest underground chambers ever discovered. Oman offers some of the most hair-raising cave exploration in the world and should only be attempted by experienced and fit cavers, preferably accompanied by someone who has traversed the caves before.

Other interesting caves are:  'Majlis Al-Jinn' ; the second largest underground chamber in the world. This is an extremely difficult cave to negotiate, and it is important that the expedition is not undertaken lightly and without professional guidance.

Al Hoota Cave  is the most attactractive and historic among all caves in Oman.

Things to do

Hiking, Cultural Tour

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